미래를 창조하는 포스텍 화학공학과
Naphthalene diimide (NDI)-based copolymers are promising polymer acceptors in all-polymer solar cells (all-PSCs), but their large crystal domains cause large-scale phase separation in all-polymer blend films. This limits the photovoltaic performance and mechanical stability of all-PSCs. Herein, we control all-polymer blend films by introducing a fluorinated copolymer of NDI and (E)-1,2-bis(3-fluorothiophen-2-yl)ethene (FTVT) (PNDI–FTVT) as a polymer acceptor for flexible all-PSCs. The copolymer PNDI–FTVT has a less crystalline structure and higher electron mobility than its nonfluorinated copolymer counterpart (PNDI–TVT). A blended film incorporating PNDI–FTVT exhibits a well-mixed morphology and improves the chain interconnectivity with a polymer donor, providing better charge transport pathways and enhanced mechanical resilience. The PNDI–FTVT-based flexible all-PSC exhibits enhanced photovoltaic performance in comparison with a PNDI–TVT-based flexible all-PSC (5.11–7.14%) as well as excellent mechanical stability in a flexible all-PSC (7.14–5.78%), maintaining 81% of its initial performance at a bending radius of 8.0 mm after 1000 bending cycles.