미래를 창조하는 포스텍 화학공학과
Environmentally Friendly Quantum Dots for Display Applications
Ever since the physics of quantum dot (QD) materials was discoverd, much research effort has been carried out for more than 30 years, and lots of applications adopting QDs have been proposed. Especially, wide color gamut displays using QDs as active light emitting materials have drawn much attention from the academia as well as the industry. And, the QD-based consumer displays such as LED TVs, tablets, and special monitors are now on the market. They provide best color gamut, reasonable power efficiecy, and affordable price showing superior competitive edge to OLED technology.
However, up to this point, still there are issues and argues using Cadmium containing materials in practical consumer devices. In spite of the European RoHS Exemptions, we need to be aware the environmental risk of producing large quantity of Cd-containing materials and using them in the consumer electronics. And, this growing apprehension for environmental issues formed great limitation for QD’s applications. Therefore, we have dedicated to develop more environmentally friendly InP based QDs that showed considerably high efficiency and saturated color spectrum compared to the Cd-containing materials. The structure of Cd-free QD was specially tailored for display applications and the synthetic process was optimized to produce reliable materials in commercial scales. In order to improve the efficiency and stability of the QDs in the devices operating under severe atmosphere, specific composite materials were designed and the fabrication process was optimized. From 2015, Samsung has released Cd-free QD adopted UHD TV for major product line-up which show the best color gamut among the current displays. Now we are trying to make additional breakthroughs in displays by using established QD technology and broaden the technology to wider optoelectronic applications.