미래를 창조하는 포스텍 화학공학과
Following surgical resection for primary treatment of solid tumors, systemic chemotherapy is commonly used to eliminate residual cancer cells to prevent tumor recurrence. However, its clinical outcome is often limited due to insufficient local accumulation and the systemic toxicity of anticancer drugs. Here, we propose a sprayable adhesive nanoparticle (NP)-based drug delivery system using a bioengineered mussel adhesive protein (MAP) for effective locoregional cancer therapy. The MAP NPs could be administered to target surfaces in a surface-independent manner through a simple and easy spray process by virtue of their unique adhesion ability and sufficient dispersion property. Doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded MAP NPs (MAP@DOX NPs) exhibited efficient cellular uptake, endolysosomal trafficking, and subsequent low pH microenvironment-induced DOX release in cancer cells. The locally sprayed MAP@DOX NPs showed a significant inhibition of tumor growth in vivo, resulting from the prolonged retention of the MAP@DOX NPs on the tumor surface. Thus, this adhesive MAP NP-based spray therapeutic system provides a promising approach for topical drug delivery in adjuvant cancer therapy.