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Facile Synthesis of Nb2O5@Carbon Core–Shell Nanocrystals with Controlled Crystalline Structure for High-Power Anodes in Hybrid Supercapacitors
Title of paper Facile Synthesis of Nb2O5@Carbon Core–Shell Nanocrystals with Controlled Crystalline Structure for High-Power Anodes in Hybrid Supercapacitors
Author [이진우교수 연구실]
Publication in journal ACS NANO 9(7), pp7497-7505 (July 2015)
Publication date 2015-07-28

 
[Abstract]
 
Hybrid supercapacitors (battery-supercapacitor hybrid devices, HSCs) deliver high energy within seconds (excellent rate capability) with stable cyclability. One of the key limitations in developing high-performance HSCs is imbalance in power capability between the sluggish Faradaic lithium-intercalation anode and rapid non-Faradaic capacitive cathode. To solve this problem, we synthesize Nb2O5@carbon core–shell nanocyrstals (Nb2O5@C NCs) as high-power anode materials with controlled crystalline phases (orthorhombic (T) and pseudohexagonal (TT)) via a facile one-pot synthesis method based on a water-in-oil microemulsion system. The synthesis of ideal T-Nb2O5 for fast Li+ diffusion is simply achieved by controlling the microemulsion parameter (e.g., pH control). The T-Nb2O5@C NCs shows a reversible specific capacity of ∼180 mA h g–1 at 0.05 A g–1 (1.1–3.0 V vs Li/Li+) with rapid rate capability compared to that of TT-Nb2O5@C and carbon shell-free Nb2O5 NCs, mainly due to synergistic effects of (i) the structural merit of T-Nb2O5 and (ii) the conductive carbon shell for high electron mobility. The highest energy (∼63 W h kg–1) and power (16 528 W kg–1 achieved at ∼5 W h kg–1) densities within the voltage range of 1.0–3.5 V of the HSC using T-Nb2O5@C anode and MSP-20 cathode are remarkable.
 
DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b02601